The Human Brain : From Neurone to Nervous System


  1. The Insula is a small lobe of the cerebral cortex that developed in primates and humans, and is concerned with consciousness, self-awareness, cognition and empathy, as well as some autonomic functions.

  2. The insula is a small lobe of cortex found deep beneath the lateral sulcus. The cortex of the insula is continuous with that of the roof and floor of the lateral sulcus. It has been diveded into different areas with different functions, and is thought to be involved in social interactions.

  3. Its functions include an involvement in autonomic control, and certain higher functions of the primate and human nervous system, such as self-awareness and empathy.

  4. Key Words: Insula, nociception, autonomic control, social interactions, empathy.